The Value of Career Technical Education

Career Technical Education (CTE) provides an important pathway to success for high school students and offers each student opportunities to personalize his or her education based on their career interests and unique learning needs. CTE refers to courses and programs designed to prepare students for careers in current or emerging professions. At the high school level, CTE provides students with opportunities to explore a career theme of interest while learning a set of technical and employability skills that integrate into or complement their academic studies. CTE is meant to connect with and lead to postsecondary programs of study or additional training after high school, which may include more specialized technical instruction. These pathways can culminate in postsecondary degrees or certificates, apprenticeships, or employment.

A critical workforce challenge in the United States is the skills gap, particularly among jobs that require either a high school diploma, postsecondary certificate, or associate’s degree.  Jobs requiring these “middle skills” outnumber the adults in the workforce who possess them, and this gap presents a barrier to American economic competitiveness. There are 30 million jobs in the United States that do not require a bachelor’s degree that pay median earnings of $55,000 or more.

Source: SEPTEMBER 2019 | U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

CTE Pathways Offered in Clovis Unified

tractorAgricultural Mechanics
The Agricultural Mechanics pathway prepares students for careers related to the construction, operation, and maintenance of equipment used by the agriculture industry. Basic agricultural mechanics skills and safety,  woodworking, electrical systems, plumbing, cold metal work, concrete, and welding technology. Advanced topics deal with metal fabrication, small engines, agriculture power and technology, and agriculture construction.


dollar percent symbolsFinancial Services
Financial services are an essential aspect of every business institution and organization. Students in this pathway investigate the field of financial management, including how it is impacted by industry standards as well as economic, financial, technological, international, social, legal, and ethical factors.

grain and test tubeAgriscience
The Agriscience pathway helps students acquire a broad understanding of a variety of agricultural areas, develop an awareness of the many career opportunities in agriculture, participate in occupationally relevant experiences, and work cooperatively with a group to develop and expand leadership abilities. Students study California agriculture, agricultural business, agricultural technologies, natural resources, and animal, plant, and soil sciences.

waiterFood Service & Hospitality
The Food Service and Hospitality pathway focuses on the key aspects of the industry. Students pursuing this career pathway have in-depth, hands-on experiences that emphasize industry awareness; sanitation and safe food handling; food and beverage production; nutrition; food service management; and customer service.

cow pig sheepAnimal Science
In the Animal Science pathway, students study large, small, and specialty animals. Students explore the necessary elements, such as diet, genetics, habitat, and behavior, to create humane, ecologically, and economically sustainable animal production systems. The pathway includes the study of animal anatomy and physiology, nutrition, reproduction, genetics, health and welfare, animal production, technology, and the management and processing of animal products and by-products.

stethoscopePatient Care
The standards for the Patient Care pathway apply to occupations or functions involved in the prevention, treatment, and management of illness and the preservation of mental and physical well-being through the services offered by the medical and allied health professions. The standards specify the knowledge and skills needed by professional and technical personnel pursuing careers in this pathway.

3 people talkingBusiness Management
Management consists of planning, leading, and controlling an organization or effort to accomplish a goal. In the Business Management pathway, students learn entrepreneurship and business fundamentals, goal-setting, resource allocation, organizational structure and management techniques, economics, financial data, risk management, information technology, and supply chain management.

acting masksPerforming Arts
The Performing Arts pathway focuses on the direct creation of art and entertainment by the individual artist instead of through a secondary physical medium. Performing artists are themselves the medium of creative expression.

building blocksChild Development
The Child Development pathway is designed to prepare students to pursue a career in the field of child care and development for infants, toddlers, and young children. Students study child growth and development, safety and emergency procedures, nutrition and health practices, positive interaction and guidance techniques, learning theories, and developmentally appropriate practices and curriculum activities. Students apply this knowledge in a variety of early childhood programs, such as child development laboratories, public and private preschools, family day care settings, and recreational facilities. Students completing the program may apply for the Child Development Assistant Permit from the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing. 

grainPlant & Soil Science
The Plant and Soil Science pathway covers topics such as plant classification, physiology, reproduction, plant breeding, biotechnology, and pathology. In addition, students learn about soil management, water, pests, and equipment, as well as cultural and harvest practices.

film reelDesign, Visual & Media Arts
The Design, Visual, and Media Arts pathway includes those occupations that use visual art, digital media, and Web-based tools and materials as the primary means of communication and expression. In addition to an understanding of current workplace practice, this career pathway requires the development of knowledge and skills in both visual art concepts as well as new and emerging digital processes by which individuals are able to create and communicate complex concepts in a broad range of occupations and professions.

gears iconProduct Innovation & Design
The Product Innovation and Design pathway provides students with an understanding of the design and manufacturing technologies common to careers in the fields of product design and manufacturing. Representative topics include the product design and development process, the principles of design, computer-aided design, fabrication and manufacturing processes, sustainability, and the principles of business, entrepreneurship, and global design. Students can also learn computer-aided manufacturing.

teacher iconEducation
The Education pathway is designed to prepare students for professional or learning support positions in education, prekindergarten through grade twelve. Students study human development; standards, regulations, and codes; positive guidance and counseling techniques; age-appropriate and grade appropriate learning strategies; learning theories; and standards-based curriculum and instructional design. Students can apply and practice their knowledge and skills at a variety of elementary and secondary education sites.

movie signProduction & Managerial Arts
Whatever the form or medium of creative expression, all careers in the Arts, Media, and Entertainment sector require “publication” or a public presentation in one way or another. Consequently, the Production and Managerial Arts pathway focuses on both the technical skills and the organizational and managerial knowledge necessary to bring arts, media, and entertainment to the public.  

emergency workerEmergency Response
The Emergency Response pathway encompasses standards for designing student coursework in preparation for a number of careers in this field. Students gain critical knowledge and skills through classroom and job-site experiences, simulations, and other learning modalities. Careers in this pathway include those in fire services, emergency medical services, wildland services, and emergency management.

police hatPublic Safety
The Public Safety pathway prepares students with a broad-based foundational knowledge in careers that involve public safety. The educational foundation will assist students who wish to pursue related professional training at the postsecondary level. Students will gain experience through classroom instruction, hands-on training, and community exercises.  The careers included in this pathway primarily address law enforcement services, homeland and cyber security services, and correctional services.


compassEngineering Design
The Engineering Design pathway provides learning opportunities for students interested in preparing for careers in the design and production of mechanical, electrical, and computer systems.  

hard hat and glovesResidential & Commercial Construction
The Residential and Commercial Construction pathway provides learning opportunities for students interested in preparing for careers in construction and building design, performance, and sustainability. The standards focus on the manner in which residential and commercial structures are designed and built. The pathway includes instruction in the way in which these structures are built (Class B California License).  

windmillEnvironmental Resources
The Environmental Resources pathway prepares students for employment, postsecondary education, and/or training in a variety of environmental industries.

computer mouseSoftware & Systems Development
Students in the Software and Systems Development pathway prepare for careers related to computer science that involve the design, development, implementation, maintenance, and management of systems that rely on software programs to satisfy the operational needs of modern business organizations. Persons with expertise in systems development and programming are critical to support operations like electronic commerce, medical records management, retail sales and inventory management, digital entertainment, and use of energy.



mechanicSystems Diagnostics, Service & Repair
The Systems Diagnostics, Service, and Repair pathway prepares students for postsecondary education and employment in the transportation industry, which includes but is not limited to motor vehicles, heavy duty vehicles, rail systems, marine applications, and small-engine and specialty equipment.

Clovis Unified School District: Be the best you can be in mind, body, and spirit

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